It is not easy to take care of horses. If you own a barn, you know how time-consuming and tiring it is. However, the happiness, as well as the health of your horses, is paramount. Some of the things or responsibilities that you should do are monitoring the diet of the horse carefully, grooming the horses, saddling the horses in blankets and boots and more. This means it entails lots of efforts on the owner’s side to ensure the horse’s comforts. In this article, you can learn the importance of using stall floors for the comfort of your horses at night. These are installed beneath the mattress of the horses so that horses can lie and sleep well at night.
People who own horses invest in beautiful bedding, but the truth is that even if how nice the bedding is, if the floor itself is poorly constructed, it can cause some serious health issues for the horses. One of the common health problems involves the respiratory organ of the horses. This is because a poorly constructed floor can cause the lungs to inhale ammonia gasses, joints to become painful because of hard surfaces as well as thrush due to trapped moisture. Aside from that, it cannot protect the horses from abrasive materials or slippery materials that can lead to injury.
In the end, it can destroy the bedding of the horses and can give you lots of troubles. In order to have a good stall floor, you need to design it ahead of time. The construction plan must be good and well organized. When making a plan, you need to include layers and tamp into the floors. For stone dust, you need around one to two inches, while for dirt, you need three inches layers.
Aside from that, you also need to make sure that there is good drainage included in you construction plan. You can do this by adding layers to the surface of the floor until it becomes 12 to 19 inches high. This is to ensure that the moisture is properly drained away from the barn and through the flooring. The other good thing with this is that it can provide protection for the floor from high water levels. If this happens, it can cause flood into the stall, and you don’t want that to happen. After this, you can add the floor already.
The other important thing you need to include in the flooring plan is the type of flooring you need. There are different kinds of flooring available so to ensure you get the right one. You need to learn and understand its basic installation information first.
Some people also like to add a dirt floor because they know that this helps in draining water well. However, you need to ensure that the top layer of soil is graded slightly around three degrees to make sure that no moist will be left. In other words, all moisture will be drained well through an outlet in the corner. Aside from that, making a simple drain, also called a leach hole, is important for you to install. In order to have this, you need to dig a hole deep enough, around 3 feet in diameter, so that you can create a well-drained layer. It is also important to place rocks into the hole of different sizes. You first fill large chunks of rocks at the bottom and then smaller sized stones on top. Once you are done, you can cover the hole with dirt to ensure the floor is even out.
On the other hand, there are also some experts who suggest installing stone dust than dirt. According to these experts, stone dusts are better because it is more compact at the same time ensures proper drainage. If you consider this, you need to make sure that you add a subsurface drainage system to ensure that all water or moist will be drained well. In order to make this happen, add a filter fabric on the floor, after that, you fill up crushed gravel on top of it and then add stone dust for around 5 inches.
Make sure the stone dust is layered up to two inches and then water the floor. Once you are done tamping it down, you can leave it overnight. The next day, you need to fill the holes if there are any. If you want, you can also install a drainpipe below it. The good thing with this is that it helps in draining moist that is present and then ensures proper cleaning of the flooring. If it is not drained well, it can cause bad odor that can lead to bacterial growth.